|Kaziranga National Park has many stories about the origin of its name. From the verdant Karbi-Anglong hills on the south of the Park, one can view the extensive floodplains of Kaziranga. The word Kazi in Karbi language means ‘Goat’ and Rangai means ‘Red’-the land of red Goats (Deer).
There is another legend saying that Mahapurus Madhabdeb, the close disciple of the founder of the Vaishnava Religion, Mahapurus Sankardev camped near Narmora Beel (Lake) presently inside Kaziranga National Park.
An old couple namely Kazi and Rangai along with other devotees approached the saint and expressed their grief for not having children. The saint consoled them, advised to dig a big pond and blessed that their name will be known for generations.
Then Ahom king Swargdeo Pratap Singh was offered fish while passing through the area and was pleased with the taste. The king then enquired about the origin of the fish and subsequently the area was named as KAZIRANGA after the names of this couple.
Again some historians believe, however, that the name, Kaziranga, was derived from the Karbi word Kajir-a-rang, which means “the village of Kajir” (Kairorgaon). Among the Karbis, Kajir is a common name for a girl child and it was believed that a woman named, Kajir, once ruled over the area. Fragments of monoliths associated with Karbi rule found scattered in the area seem to bear testimony to this assertion.
According to another legend, a girl named Ranga, from a nearby village, and a youth named Kazi, from Karbi Anglong, fell in love. This match was not acceptable to their families and the couple disappeared into the forest, never to be seen again, and the forest was named after them.
On a clear day the snow ranges in distant Arunachal Pradesh are visible.
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